Symptoms of Dyslexia

There are different types of dyslexia and many symptoms of dyslexia. Below are some of the common signs of dyslexia with their associated causes:

Symptoms of Visual Dyslexia

  • Guessing words when reading
  • Poor spelling (except when taking spelling tests)

Symptoms of Eye Tracking Problems (Binocular Instability)

  • Missing small words and failing to read the last letter in a short word
  • Difficulty in using a dictionary quickly or being heavily reliant on using a finger or ruler to stay on the line
  • Experiencing the “crowding effect”: being much easier to read a single word than reading the same word together on a congested single line of text
  • Missing out words and even entire lines of text

Symptoms of Meares-Irlene Syndrome (Visual Stress)

  • Complaints that words ‘move around’, ‘swirl’ or ‘shimmer’ or patterns are often seen between words
  • Light sensitivity (photophobia)
  • Frontal headaches
  • Sore and tired eyes after reading

Symptoms of Visual Memory Problems

  • Difficulty in breaking down words into the correct sounds needed for phonics to work properly
  • Comprehension difficulties (having to re-read text to understand it)
  • Difficulty remembering and recalling simply spelt words
  • Difficulty keeping up copying information from the white board

If your child exhibits more than 2 of the 4 symptoms above or has 6 or more of the 12 signs above, there is a strong possibility they may have a form of visual dyslexia. We would advice that they have an eye examination with an optometrist that specialises in visual processing or make a call back request to our practice in Quorn, Loughborough or calls 01509 833168 to make an appointment for a consultation.


7 Steps to Make Your Child A Better Reader…